Jewish ah sim Frank hid in 1942 from the Nazis during the occupation of the Netherlands. Two years later she was discovered. In 1945 she died in ns Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
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Anne’s primeiro yearsAnne frank was born in a German cidade of Frankfurt am main in 1929. Anne’s sisters Margot was three years she senior. Unemployment ser estar high e poverty was severe in Germany, and it was the period in which adolf Hitler and his party were obtaining more e more supporters. Hitler hated a Jews e blamed them porque o the problems in a country. That took advantage of ns rampant antisemitic sentiments in Germany. A hatred of Jews and the poor economic instance made Anne"s parents, Otto and Edith Frank, decisão to mover to Amsterdam. There, otto founded a company that traded in pectin, naquela gelling revendedor autorizado for make jam.
Postcard são de the 1930s, exibição Merwedeplein. With naquela pen is suggested (right, centre) where a Frank família lives.
Nazi Germany invades a NetherlandsBefore long, ah sim felt appropriate at terra natal in a Netherlands. She learned ns language, made novo friends and went to a Dutch school close to her home. Her father worked hard to importar his organization off a ground, however it foi ~ not easy. Otto also tried to set up a company in England, but ns plan fell through. Points looked up once he started selling herbs e spices in enhancement to the pectin.
On one September 1939, when anne was 10 year old, nazi Germany got into Poland, e so a Second mundo War began. Not grande after, top top 10 might 1940, a Nazis additionally invaded a Netherlands. Five mim later, the Dutch army surrendered. Slowly but surely, ns Nazis presented more and more laws e regulations that made the lives that Jews an ext difficult. For instance, Jews could durante longer visit parks, cinemas, or non-Jewish shops. The rules intended that more and more places came to be off-limits come Anne. She father falecer his company, because Jews were no decorrer longer enabled to operation their very own businesses. Tudo Jewish children, including Anne, had to go to different Jewish schools.
Anne has actually to enter hiding in the Secret AnnexThe Nazis took things further, uma step at the time. Jews had actually to começo wearing a Star of david on their clothes and there were rumours that tudo Jews would need to leave a Netherlands. Once Margot received naquela call-up to report for a so-called ‘labour camp’ in nazista Germany on 5 July 1942, she parents were suspicious. Castle did no believe the call-up era about work e decided to go into hiding the next work in order come escape persecution.
In the spring that 1942, Anne’s father had started furnishing a hiding place in a annex that his business premises in ~ Prinsengracht 263. He obtained help a partir de his former colleagues. Prior to long, they to be joined by four an ext people. Ns hiding localização was cramped. Anne had to guarda very quiet and was regularly afraid.
Anne keeps der diaryOn her thirteenth birthday, just before they went into hiding, anne was gift with a diary. During ns two year in hiding, anne wrote around events in the Secret Annex, yet also about her feelings and thoughts. In addition, she wrote short stories, began on naquela novel and copied passages em ~ the livros she read in she Book that Beautiful Sentences. Writing assisted her pass ns time.
When the Minister of education of ns Dutch government in England made an very nice on rádio Orange to hold on to battle diaries e documents, anne was influenced to rewrite her distinguível diaries into 1 running story, title Het Achterhuis (The mystery Annex).
The hiding place is discovered Anne started rewriting she diary, but prior to she foi ~ done, she and the other human being in hiding to be discovered and arrested through police police officers on 4 respectable 1944. The police additionally arrested dois of ns helpers. To this day, we do not know a reason for the police raid.
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Despite ns raid, component of Anne’s writing foi ~ preserved: dois other helpers took ns documents before the Secret Annex ser estar emptied by stimulate of a Nazis.
Anne is exile to Auschwitz Via ns offices of the Sicherheitsdienst (the German security police), a prison in Amsterdam, and the Westerbork transit camp, the people a partir de the an enig Annex were put on transfer to ns Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration and extermination camp. A train trip took three days, throughout which Anne e over a thousand others to be packed carefully together in cattle wagons. There foi ~ little food e water and only der barrel for a toilet.
Upon come at Auschwitz, nazista doctors confirm to see who would and who would not be able to a partir de heavy compelled labour. About 350 people em ~ Anne"s move were immediately taken to the gas chambers and murdered. Anne, Margot e their mother were sent to a labour camp for women. Otto ended up in a camp for men.
Anne dies from exhaustion in Bergen-BelsenIn beforehand November 1944, anne was put on deliver again. She foi ~ deported to a Bergen-Belsen concentration acampamento with Margot. Your parents continued to be behind in Auschwitz. Ns conditions in Bergen-Belsen were horrible too. There was der lack of food, it ser estar cold, wet and there were transmittable diseases. Anne and Margot contract typhus. In February 1945 lock both died owing come its effects, Margot first, anne shortly afterwards.
Anne’s father óleo de rosa was a only 1 of the people são de the an enig Annex to survive ns war. He foi ~ liberated from auschwitz by the Russians e during his grande journey earlier to a Netherlands the learned the his wife Edith had died. Once in the Netherlands, he ouvi that Anne e Margot were no decorrer longer alive either.
Otto franco in the attic of a Secret Annex, naquela few hours before a official opened of the anne Frank home on 3 may 1960.
Anne’s diary becomes mundo famousAnne"s composing made der deep impression ~ above Otto. He check out that ah sim had wanted to become der writer or naquela journalist e that she had actually intended to anunciado her story about life in ns Secret Annex. Girlfriend convinced otto to postagem the diary and in June 1947, 3,000 duplicates of Het Achterhuis (The an enig Annex) to be printed.
And that ser estar not all: ns book was later interpreted into around 70 languages e adapted for stage e screen. People tudo over the world were introduced to Anne"s story and in 1960 a hiding lugar, colocar became a museum: the ah sim Frank House. Till his fatality in 1980, otto remained very closely involved com the anne Frank House and the museum: that hoped that readers of the diary would become mindful of a dangers that discrimination, racism, e hatred the Jews.