Medically the evaluation by Alana Biggers, M.D., MPH — composed by Corinne O'Keefe Osborn — update on October 28, 2020

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There ~ ~ two main species of diabetes: form 1 e type 2.

Você está assistindo: Diferença entre diabetes tipo 1 e tipo 2

Both varieties of diabetes ser estar chronic illness that affect a way your corpo humano regulates blood sugar, or glucose. Glucose is a fuel that alimentação your body’s cells, but to get in your cell it needs der key. Insulin is that key.

People com type one diabetes don’t develop insulin. You deserve to think of it as not having a key.

People com type 2 diabetes nothing respond to insulin as well as they should e later in the disease frequently don’t make enough insulin. You have the right to think the it as having naquela broken key.

Both varieties of diabetes can lead to chronically high blood street levels. That increases ns risk the diabetes complications.


What estão the symptoms of diabetes?

If no managed, form 1 e type 2 diabetes deserve to lead come symptoms such as:

People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes may additionally experience irritability, atmosphere changes, e unintentional weight loss.

People with type 1 e type 2 diabetes may also have numbness and tingling in your hands or feet. Boa glucose management substantially reduces ns risk of arising numbness e tingling in someone com type 1 diabetes, segue to the american Diabetes associação (ADA).

Although many of a symptoms of form 1 and type 2 diabetes are similar, they current in really different ways.

Many people com type 2 diabetes won’t have actually symptoms for many years, e their symptom often develop slowly over the course of time. Part people com type 2 diabetes have enquanto symptoms at todos and don’t discover they have a condition until complications arise.

The symptoms of type uma diabetes build quickly, commonly over the course of several weeks. Uma vez known as juvenile diabetes, this form usually develops in childhood or adolescence. However, it’s possible to build type uma diabetes later on in life.


Type 1 e type 2 diabetes might have o mesmo, semelhante names, but they’re different diseases with unique causes.

Causes of type one diabetes

The body immune system is responsible ao fighting off international invaders, such as harmful viruses and bacteria.

In people with type 1 diabetes, the immune sistema mistakes a body’s own healthy and balanced cells for foreign invaders. Ns immune sistema attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in a pancreas. After these beta cells ~ ~ destroyed, the corpo humano is unable to develop insulin.

Researchers don’t recognize why the immune sistema sometimes attacks ns body’s very own cells. It may have something to a partir de with genetic e environmental factors, such as exposure to viruses. Pesquisar into autoimmune conditions is ongoing.

Causes of type 2 diabetes

People com type 2 diabetes have insulin resistance. The corpo humano still produce insulin, yet it’s can not to usar it effectively.

Researchers aren’t certain why some people come to be insulin resistant e others don’t, yet several estilo de vida factors might contribute, including being inactive and carrying overabundance weight.

Other genetic and environmental determinants may likewise play a role. When you develop type 2 diabetes, your pancreas will try to compensate by producing an ext insulin. Because your corpo is can not to effectively usar insulin, glucose will accumulate in your bloodstream.


Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1.

According to ns Centers porque o Disease Control and Prevention’s 2020 national Diabetes Statistics Report, 34.2 million people in ns United states were vida with diagnosed or undiagnosed diabetes in 2018. That’s a little over uma in 10 people. Ninety come 95 percent of people com diabetes have type 2.

The portion of people with diabetes increases with age.

About 10.5 percent the the em geral population has actually diabetes. Amongst those 65 year old and older, the rate will 26.8 percent. Só 25 fora of every 10,000 americans under two decades old had actually been diagnosed with diabetes in 2018.

Men e women get diabetes in ~ roughly ns same rate. However, prevalence rates ~ ~ higher among certain races e ethnicities.

American Indians, Alaskan Natives, and Mexican american have the highest ubiquity of diabetes among both men and women. In general, Black e Hispanic populations have higher rates that diabetes than non-Hispanic whites or non-Hispanic Asians.

Prevalence rates ser estar higher ao Hispanic american of mexican or Puerto Rican descent than they ser estar for those that Central e South american or Cuban descent.

Among non-Hispanic asian Americans, people com Asian Indian family tree have greater rates of diabetes 보다 people with Chinese or Filipino ancestry.


Risk factors for type uma diabetes include:

Family history: world with naquela parent or sibling com type one diabetes have der higher danger of occurring it themselves.Age: Type uma diabetes can appear at any age, however it’s most common among children and adolescents.Geography: a prevalence the type 1 diabetes increases ns farther improvisado you estão from ns equator.

You’re at risk of developing type 2 diabetes if you:

are physically inactiveare Black, Hispanic, american Indian, or Alaska Nativehave an immediate família member with type 2 diabetes

The primary test used to diagnose both kind 1 and type 2 diabetes is recognized as the A1C, or glycated hemoglobin, test.

This blood check determines your typical blood street level ao the previous 2 come 3 months. Your doutor may attract your blood or provide you a small finger prick.

The higher your blood street levels have been over the past couple of months, the higher your A1C level will certainly be. Test results are expressed as a percentage. An A1C level that 6.5 percent or greater indicates diabetes.

The A1C test isn’t accurate para people com sickle cell anêmica or a sickle cell trait. If you have actually this problem or trait, climate your doutor will need to use der different test.


There’s no cure ao type one diabetes. People com type uma diabetes don’t create insulin, therefore it should be on regular basis injected into a body.

Some people pegar injections into soft tissue, together as the stomach, arm, or buttocks, several equipe per day. Various other people usar insulin pumps. Insulin pumps supply der steady lot of insulin into the corpo through der small tube.

Blood sugar experimentation is critical part of regulating type 1 diabetes, due to the fact that levels deserve to go up and down quickly.

Type 2 diabetes deserve to be managed and even reversed com diet e exercise alone, however many people need extra support. If estilo de vida changes no enough, your doutor may prescribe drugs that aid your corpo use insulin an ext effectively.

Monitoring your blood sugar is critical part of kind 2 diabetes administration too. It’s the só way to know if you’re conference your target levels.

Your doctor may recommend testing your blood sugar occasionally or an ext frequently. If your blood street levels ~ ~ high, your doctor may introduce insulin injections.


Nutritional management is an important part the life ao people with diabetes.

If you have type one diabetes, work com your doutor to identify how much insulin you may need come inject after eating certain varieties of food.

For example, carbohydrate can cause blood street levels to quickly increase in people com type 1 diabetes. You’ll must counteract this by acquisition insulin, however you’ll must know how much insulin come take. Learn more about type 1 diabetes e diet.

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People com type 2 diabetes need to focus on healthy and balanced eating. Load loss is often a part of type 2 diabetes treatment plans, so your doctor may recommend naquela low-calorie meal plan. This could mean reducing your usage of fauna e flora fats and junk food.